Richard Newman of Fifehead
1620 - 1695

 Relationship to me: Great Great Great Great Great Great Great Grandfather Gen -9
Born 1620  
Died 24th September 1695; b. October 17, 1695 at Fifehead Magdalen  
Age 75  
Father:      Richard Newman of Fifehead 1584 - 1664
Mother: Elizabeth Perry d. 1620
Brothers: (elder) Thomas Newman c.1619 - ????
Sisters: (elder) Ann c.1615 - ????
  Jane c.1617 -????
Married: Anne Harbord (m. c,1649) 1634 - 1690
Children:  Richard Newman of Evercreech Park 1650 - 16823
  Elizabeth m. (1) Thomas Warre Jul 1672 at Westminster and (2) Edward Scott 1653 - before 1685
  Anne Christianna m. Sir William Honeywood Bart. of Elmstead 15 July 1675 c1655 - 1736
  Frances m. John Oxenham Jan 1676 at Westminster 1659 - after 1681
  Charles Harbord 1667-1683
  Thomas ???? - 1668
  Francis Holles Newman 1671 - 1714
  According to Harold Biggs' researches, there was another unnamed daughter who died 23 July 1673.
   


Notes:

Many Newman family histories record that this Richard Newman joined the Royalist forces during the English Civil War (1642 - 1651) taking the rank of Colonel. He was said to have lent money in support of Charles I, and in 1651 assisted the young king Charles II escape after the Battle of Worcester where Charles's largely Scottish force was defeated at the hands of Cromwell's New Model Army. Furthermore, Richard was said to have been imprisoned for his efforts supporting the king, though where and when is not stated. It was likewise recorded that after Charles II regained his throne at the Restoration in 1660, he rewarded Richard with an augmentation to his Coat of Arms in the form of an "escutcheon gules" (red shield) and a "crowned portcullis or" (gold coloured portcullis with crown on top), plus a large cash reward (though this may have beenreimbursement of funds loaned to Charles's father) - see Heraldry Society's page. The same story appears in Arthur Charles Fox-Davies’s “Complete Guide to Heraldry” which states that following the Battle of Worcester “the King escaped through the gate of the city solely through the heroic efforts of Colonel Newman, and this is kept in remembrance by the inescutcheon of augmentation, viz: "Gules, a portcullis imperially crowned or.”

Efforts to find any evidence to support any of the above claims about Richard Newman have proved fruitless. In his book "To Catch a King", Charles (Earl) Spencer, who in 2015 published a definitive account of Charles II's 1651 escape from Worcester. In reply to a question about Richard Newman's involvement the event, he said that his researches had revealed no mention of a Richard Newman having any role in the King's escape.

Researches have revealed a rather different (though far from complete) story, that includes the following clues:

Another fallacy unearthed by Harold Biggs appears in "The history and antiquities of Somersetshire Vol 1, Parts 3-6" by William Phelps which on page 394 states that "... after the death of Sir Francis Hastings in 1610, "by some family arrangement the manors and estates of North and South-Cadbury were sold to Richard Newman, Esq. High-Steward of Westminster." The Somersetshire Archaeological and Natural History Society's Proceedings, 1870 Vol. XVI. Pages 21,22,23 which attests that Arthur Ducke, Doctor of Civil Law, was the owner of North and South Cadbury until his death in 1649, when the estates were inherited by his daughter Mary, wife of William Harbord. According to Frederic Weaver's Notes & Queries for Somerset ad Dorset (1893), she and her husband sold them to Richard Newman, her brother-in-law, in 1685.

Some years earlier, in 1660, Richard had purchased the Evercreech Park estate, but he inherited Sparkford Manor, presumably from his father. Either way, it is believed that he also purchased Fifehead Manor in 1660. Prior to this, Fifehead Manor had been leased by the Newmans from the Bristol Canons and Bishops.

Both Phelps and Collinson refer to the sale of the Cadbury estates to Richard Newman, High Steward of Westminster, in or around 1610 seems to be clearly incorrect. It was this Richard Newman (d.1695) who is believed to have been High Steward of Westminster after taking up residence there. The History of Parliament on-line mentions Richard Newman having a residence at Tothill Street, Westminster in 1675 at the time of his daughter Anna Christiana's marriage. Tothill Street is not to be confused with nearby Tufton Street where Richard's son Richard owned a house as mentioned in his will. The location of both streets can be found on this map.

In 1664 Richard inherited the Fifehead estates and manor. In 1693 he was responsible for building the Newman chapel on the north side of the church to cover the vault containing the remains of his ancestors. It may be assumed that he intended that the chapel would house his own remains, and indeed Burke's "Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Commoners of Great Britain Volume 2" confirms that Richard was "interred on 16th October 1695 in the vault at Fifehead". Yet his name is conspicuous by its absence from any of the monuments inside the chapel. So perhaps his memorial was originally given pride of placed on the north wall of the chapel and later removed to make room for Sir Henry Cheere's great monument commemorating Richard's grandson Sir Richard Newman and his family.

A further account of this and several other Newmans can be found in Thornbury & District's Research News No 148 (Apr 2016) which states that it was this Richard Newman who purchased the Thornbury Park estate on 17th May 1679.

Contrary to normal custom, Richard divided his estate between his grandson Sir Richard Newman who inherited Evercreech, Fifehead and (presumably) Thornbury Park, and his surviving son, Francis Holles Newman, who inherited the Cadbury and Sparkford estates.

According to a note written by Louisa Annie Rogers in 1947, there then existed a portrait of Richard Newman (or Sir Richard Newman as she refers to him). Presumably this portrait still exists, but unfortunately it was not part of the collection of portraits and other family heir-looms that formed part of the estate of Gertrude Newman-Rogers that was auctioned off in 2008.


From other Newman sources who retain the belief that Richard was a Civil War hero::

From John Newman May 2002: "Col.Richard Newman of Fifehead: High Steward of Westminster. Sherborne school c.1630. Matriculated Pembroke College Oxford 30/10/1635 aged 15. BA 15/6/1639. Barrister at Law of the Middle Temple 1640. Donor to Sherborne School of 'two gloabes'".

Campbell Newman's account offers the following: "Richard had formed a close bond with members of the royalist faction, and during the Civil Wars was elevated to the War Cabinet as High Steward, roughly equivalent to the office of Prime Minister. He gave large sums from the Perry-Guise fortune to the Stewart kings Charles I and II. At the Battle of Warwick (1651), he held the gates of the City to enable Charles II's retreat, a valiant feat of arms which earned his grandson a baronetcy in posthumous gratitude following that King's restoration. The arms of all descendants of Colonel Richard were also commanded to be augmented by a 'portcullis or surmounted by a crown' representing service to the crown before the Gates of Warwick (§.iii). Richard Newman married Anna, daughter of Sir Charles HARBORD, Surveyor-General to Charles I and II, some time before Charles I was beheaded in 1649, and by her had a large family. He died in 1695, aged 75 years." [Note: If the date I have for Anne Harbord's birth is right (1634), then she would have been a very young bride if she married Richard before Charles I's execution in 1649.]


(1) Elizabeth Warre (née Newman): Elizabeth's name came to me from information taken from Tony Newman's "GEDCOM" file: Fifehead.ged. It was subsequently confirmed by Di Clements who came up with "Somerset Wills Sixth Series Will of Sir Charles Harbord 1678: My daughter Newman's daughter, Elizabeth Warre. My son-in- law Richard N." and also from Somerset Wills Fifth Series, the will of Thomas Warre of Shepton Beauchamp 1694, whose inheritors were his "son and heir Thomas Warre, his grandfather Richard Newman, my wife Cicely Warre". An additional reference in Somerset Wills Fifth Series gives the name Dorothy to Elizabeth's daughter in reference to the Will of her cousin Richard Newman of Evercreech. Note 3 below indicates Elizabeth's children were Anne, William(?), Elizabeth and Thomas (but no mention of Dorothy - why?). According to Harold Biggs' researches, Elizabeth died before her husband, and was buried in Shepton Beauchamp Church, Co. Somerset, leaving four children Anne, William, Elizabeth and Thomas Warre. Her husband's will is dated 24 Oct 1685 and administration was granted 26 Jan 1686. A second wife, Cicely, survived him.

(2) Frances Oxenham (née Newman): According to Harold Biggs' researches: "6 Jan. 1675-6 John Oxenham married Frances Newman (3rd born of Richard Newman & Anne Harbord) as her first husband. He was admitted to the inner temple 12 May 1670, as of South Tawton, Co. Devon, Gent. He died, according to his monument, 14 Oct 1680, age nearly thirty years. His relict Frances administered to his estate 8 June 1681, but his nuncupative will was proved 12 Aug 1682, by his father William Oxenham, then of St. Margaret’s Westminster. ..... 28 June 1699 John Oxenham, Gent. (Son of Frances Newman & John Oxenham) and Francis Scott (son of Frances Newman & Edward Scott), who were unfortunately drowned in the Thames. They were half-brothers."

(3) Anne Christianna married Sir William Honeywood Bart. of Elmstead (or Evington, according to Somerset County Council), in Westminster Abbey on 15th June 1675. Her descendants can be found on Tony Newman's "GEDCOM" file: Fifehead.ged. According to her mother's will, there were at least two children, William and a daughter. Her marriage and offspring are also described at http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1690-1715/member/honywood-sir-william-1654-1748.

Raymond Mercier wrote on 3rd Aug 2002 to say: "I came across a web site relevant to the Honywood family. This is http://kentarchaeology.org.uk/Research/Libr/MIs/MIsElmstead/01.htm is about the Church in Elmstead, where there is "On a brass plate: Here lieth the body of Sir William HONYWOOD Baronet who died the 8th of June 1745 in the 94th year of his age". On the road map all I see is Elmsted (not Elmstead) in Kent.


The Newmans during the English Civil War

Jerry Gandolfo made an interesting point in an email he sent to me on 15 Mar 2003. He wrote: "There are constant references to the English Civil War in our family history (having been pivotal events in the Newman and Wyndham families). At first glance, it appears the Newmans, the Wyndhams and the Sandys were all Royalist. Now, I've discovered a very strong Puritan attachment among the Newman and Sandy's families. The English colonies of North America, later to form the original United States, are largely a by-product of the English Civil War. In the northern group of colonies, collectively called "New England" the settlements were dominated by Puritans who did not like Kings Charles I, Charles II or James II. These colonies for the most part reflect Native American Indian names such as Massachusetts and Connecticut (but also with names such as Rhode Island and New Hampshire). The central colonies, collectively called the "Mid-Atlantic" were largely "Royalist" enterprises. These colonies were named for monarchs; Maryland for Queen Mary, Virginia for Queen Elizabeth (the "virgin" queen) and North Carolina for King Charles. (The southern colonies, South Carolina and Georgia were mixed Royalist, Scotch-Irish and French Huguenots.)

King Charles II who was perhaps the central most figure in the English Civil War (aside from Cromwell) was a central figure in North America. During the dominance of the Parliamentarians, Royalist exiles and refugees came to North America, especially to Maryland. During the domination of the Kings, Puritan religious sought a new society by immigration to North America, especially to the Massachusetts Bay colony and it's subsidiary, New London, which subsequently became Connecticut. In fact, at one point, the Governor of Connecticut was named Francis Newman. This Newman was apparently from London, and with other Newmans, were zealous Puritans. In Virginia, Edwin Sandys was a charter founder of the Virginia Colony (although he never actually left England), a zealous Puritan, and was even arrested by James I on suspicion of wanting to make Virginia into a republic. His son, George Sandys did move to Virginia, and his niece married the Governor of Virginia. Another Sandys, James Sandys, was an early settler of Block Island in Rhode Island. Meanwhile, other Sandys, the Barons of Vine, lost everything they had by supporting the Kings in the English Civil Wars. In both cases, it appears there were Newmans and Sandys on both sides of the fence, not an altogether rare situation in civil wars.


Last updated: 11th Aug 2020 - Substantiial rewriting with information from Harold Biggs.
Updated: 1st Jan 2018 - Main text revised; new links added..
Updated: 12th Apr 2016 - Two sisters Ann and Jane added. Thomas listed as the elder brother.
Updated: 7th Jan 2014 - Valuable information supplied by Harold Biggs added,
Updated: 5th Aug 2013 - reference to uncertainty as to whether it was this Richard Newman or his son who was rewarded for supporting the Royalist cause during the Civil War.
Updated: 13th Jul 2012: anecdote added relating to Anne Harbord's father and his descendants.

Updated: 12th Jun 2005: notes added about Col. Richard's and Anne's entry in the Newman-Rogers Bible and Louisa Annie Rogers' mention of Col Richard's portrait.